10.10.17When India was engulfed in a brutal and prolonged state of emergency, it was a country in transition.
In some ways, it became even more so than before.
It has been, and still is, an incredibly challenging place to live, work and visit.
The 10 things you need to know:What was the worst-hit state?
The worst-affected state of India was Uttar Pradesh, which is currently ruled by the BJP-led Samajwadi Party, or SP, which has won over a third of the seats in the state assembly.
In April 2018, it also won over the Assembly elections for the first time since 2014.
What were the most important things that happened during this year’s elections?
A slew of events that shaped the Indian political landscape, from the unprecedented rise of a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to the resignation of the Congress-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) to its subsequent ascension to power.
What was India’s biggest political news event?
The BJP-ruled state of Uttar Pradesh is currently embroiled in a power struggle between the BJP and the Congress over the party’s control of the legislature.
What went wrong?
The NDA and the BJP failed to unite and came to power at the expense of the ruling Congress-NCP alliance, which had led to the 2019 general elections.
Why was there so much disruption?
A lot of people were affected by the riots that broke out in the capital, New Delhi in November 2018, when a large number of people died.
The ensuing riots spread across several parts of India, resulting in more than 4,000 deaths.
What happened next?
The government sought to contain the situation with a curfew, but the riots continued and many people were left homeless and vulnerable.
What was the response?
More than a million people were arrested.
What else changed this year?
Despite the political uncertainty, some important developments did occur.
First, the ruling Bharatiyas party, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, was forced to resign after a string of corruption cases, including one involving the chief minister of Uttar (UP), Akhilesh Yadav, who has been the target of allegations of abuse and harassment.
Second, the BJP lost the Uttar Pradesh assembly elections to the NDA.
Third, the state government was forced into an alliance with the NCP-led alliance to govern the state.
Fourth, the government introduced a law that would allow a person to sell their soul for Rs 10,000 (around £3,000) to gain a political boost.
Fifth, the Supreme Court ruled on the constitutionality of the Prevention of Corruption Act (POCA), which allows police to arrest people suspected of graft.
Sixth, Congress and its ally the Trinamool Congress (TMC) came to the fore, with their candidates winning seats in several states.
Seventh, a court order forced the government to declare two days of national mourning, including the day on which the government was toppled.
Eightth, two senior BJP ministers were sacked and replaced by party members.
What happened next?:This is a complex story and we are unable to provide a comprehensive summary here, but there is no doubt that India has witnessed an unprecedented level of political instability and instability at the local, state and federal levels.
What we do know is that this year has been a challenging year for everyone involved in India’s political system.